Gray Wolf

Scientific Name: Canis lupus

Quick Facts:

  • The only large predator of the Park.
  • The Gray wolf, now a protected species, was almost extinct in the 1970s. It was never reintroduced, but re-established itself in the Apennine mountains naturally in the last twenty years thanks to legal protection and environmental modifications.
  • Wolves live in packs, occupying large territories (with an average of 100 km²) and have a complex social structure with dominant and subordinate individuals.


Scientific Name: Vulpes vulpes


Stone Martin

Scientific Name: Martes foina


Red deer

Scientific Name: Cervus elaphus

Quick Facts:

  • The adult male can reach up to 250-300 kg (550-650 lbs).
  • Mating season occurs in September and October. In this period it's common to hear adult males grunting from sunset to sunrise to attract females and intimidate other male competitors.

Roe deer

Scientific Name: Capreolus capreolus

Quick Facts:

  • Together with the wild boar is the most common ungulate (hoofed animal) in the Park.
  • It's small and very agile. Females average 25 kg (55lbs) and males average 35 kg (77 lbs).
  • The white spot on the backside is heart-shaped in females and bean-shaped in males.

Wild boar

Scientific Name: Sus scrofa

Quick Facts:

  • The most common ungulate of the Apennine.
  • Very similar to a domestic pig, but with brown and thick hair called bristles.
  • Boars spend a lot of time digging and rooting in the ground to find food. Their snout is mobile and highly specialized for this activity.


Scientific Name: Ovis orientalis

Quick Facts:

  • Mouflons are not native of Europe. They were first imported from Asia in the 18th century.
  • Unlike other bovids, only males have horns, which can grow up to 1 meter (3 feet).
  • When threatened, mouflons seek for refuge by climbing high up rocky walls thanks to their sharp hooves.

Brown hare

Scientific Name: Lepus europaeus

Quick Facts:

  • Hares, like rabbits, are not rodents but lagomorphs.
  • Differently from rabbits, hares don't live in dens; they use open but well-protected refuges (shelters).

Alpine marmot

Scientific Name: Marmota marmota

Quick Facts:

  • Marmot is not native to the Apennines. It was introduced from the Alps between the 40s and the 80s.
  • It can only be found in the western mountain ridge of the Park. Monte Orsaro is a great spot to see them.

European hedgehog

Scientific Name: Erinaceus europaeus

Quick Facts:

  • The hedgehog is a small insectivore.
  • Unlike the porcupine, the hedghog's quills have no barbs and cannot easily detach.

Fallow Deer

Scientific Name: Dama dama
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The Park is a mosaic of villages

The Tuscan-Emilian Apennine National Park is made of a variety of distinct and different pieces that come together to create one unforgettable vacation.
While the diversity of the villages, attractions, forests, and mountains may surprise you, their close proximity allows visitors to see a little bit of everything in a short amount of time.
The more you see, the more you can appreciate the entire region. Explore the mosaic of places, people and experiences which make up the Park!